India Decision to Develop a Ballistic Missile Defence was started in 1999 and it can be attributed to Kargil war When the relation between two neighbors was at all time high and also a warning at that time from Pakistani foreign Secretory Shamshad Ahmad that Pakistan can use â€œany weaponâ€ in its armory if the limited conflict were to escalate.
The Programme was started back in 1999 with around 40 public and private companies participating in this program and Now after the successful test of Ashwin missile, part of India “BMD” program.India will be able of countering the threat arising from Pakistan’s strategic missile force.
Both of these missiles, the Prithvi air defence missile, and the Advanced Air Defence (Ashwin) missile are designed to provide a high-low cover against incoming ballistic missiles. Prithvi is reported to be capable of intercepting missiles at exo-atmospheric altitudes of 50 â€“ 80km while the AAD is designed to operate at endo-atmospheric altitudes of up to 30kms.
The expansion makes India the 4th country in the world, after the US, Russia, and Israel to have successfully developed a ballistic missile defence system.